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Domestic colleges and universities strictly control teaching needs of college students


University strict words take the lead, "how should I study" becomes the number one problem

Who will save my college studies

As domestic universities began to "strictly control teaching" and entered an era of reasonable burdens for college students, the situation of "mixing the days" for some college students has gradually become history. Nowadays, many college students face the problem of "how should I learn". Academic tutoring, this seemingly naive content, is now getting “higher demand”.

Faced with this problem, many colleges and universities have begun to set up academic guidance institutions based on the characteristics of college students. However, many institutions are “branded and have little effect.” On the one hand, it is because college students are bumping up and down in learning, and they do not want to expose their plight in front of school teachers. Become a bauble.

How colleges and universities can help college students to learn correctly has become a key issue in this era of strict words.

College students: It's common to find no way to learn

"Study at university mostly depends on yourself."

Yu Yin, a junior in a liberal arts major at an ordinary university in the north, said. In the school for several years, she has been working hard to follow the school's curriculum arrangements, but she found that the school takes care of the average classmates in terms of curriculum quality and teaching management. supplement.

From the perspective of professional development, Yu Yin believes that the professional setting of the school is far from the actual situation of the industry. After an internship in several industry units, she found that “I used to see“ professionals ”in the past.” In terms of future development, she felt that “the school can provide little help and guidance. For the majors, there have been "A shake of faith."

The China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily reporters interviewed several college students and found that "on their own" has become the absolute mainstream in learning. The high school learning method is obviously not suitable for college. How to find the right learning method? How to make a reasonable plan for your academic and future development? Many college students say that in academic development, they rarely get help from the school and can only "cross the river by feeling the stones."

Not long ago, a survey of the "University Teaching Quality and Student Development Monitoring" project carried out by the School of Education of Peking University revealed that the main student groups faced by undergraduate institutions include: Although they have a high degree of autonomous academic participation, they have not yet formed a clear plan for the future. Of "Exploration-oriented" students (accounting for 10.4%), "Scholastic burnout" students (29.2%) who have no clear self-development planning, autonomous academic participation, and low levels of self-development goals "Disconnected" students (32.8%) who lag behind in action. Nearly 42% of undergraduates have no clear career plan for the future.

For Wang Fangnan, a junior in information resource management at a double first-class university in Beijing, several years of college life is a process of confusion and exploration.

"I was really confused when I was a freshman. Because I didn't know much about this major before, I found that I didn't like it very much and didn't show much interest in many courses. When I was in class, I always thought: What am I studying? What shall I do in the future? ... This feeling of "doubtful life" is quite a lot. "This made Wang Fangnan very frustrated, and the profession she had missed a point also became the" white moonlight "in her mind.

There is no way for the parents to give professional opinions. There is no teacher in the school to help her weigh the pros and cons. Wang Fangnan can only believe that the "white moonlight" he likes is the correct academic development direction. After much difficulty, she applied for a minor opportunity in this major, but there were few minor courses available for her freshman and sophomore years, and many courses were not available. In the middle, she felt that she might have to give up. Now, as a junior, she is desperately taking two professional courses, but no matter emotionally or time invested, she is more interested in minors.

In terms of learning methods, although he listened to more classes than his classmates, Wang Fangnan always "GET" less than the teacher's focus. "Teachers are now accustomed to using PPT, sometimes I am very confused, I don't know what to remember, what are the key points, what to take in the exam."

Today, Wang Fangnan faces another problem: the direction of postgraduate study is minor, and it is difficult to find relevant guidance and support in the school. "Whether it is a postgraduate or a graduate research, I don't know what channels I can use to know what preparations I need to make. Now I can only try through the experience of my brothers and sisters."

Be strict, college students also need academic counselling

In fact, for top students in Tsinghua University, how to learn is also a difficult problem.

Ten years ago, Tsinghua University conducted a statistics on the data of students receiving psychological counseling at the school's psychological counseling center from 2004 to 2008. Data show that 70% of the applicants for psychological counseling at the school need developmental assistance, and more than 30% of them involve academic problems. These problems are obviously not solved by the existing counselling center teachers.

In 2009, Tsinghua University established the first domestic learning and development guidance centers specifically for students' academic problems. At the beginning of the establishment, some people always asked: Being admitted to Tsinghua University shows that you have strong learning ability, why are there any academic problems? The director of the center, Geng Rui, told China Youth Daily · China Youth Daily: "The academic challenges for Tsinghua students are actually very great. From the choice of courses and whether to take a double degree to how to plan academics throughout the university, difficulties and problems are all Ubiquitous. "

The establishment of the Student Learning Development Center of Fudan University stems from a "learning crisis" among students. Xu Yang, the head of the student work department of the party committee of the school, said that in 2013, students with academic difficulties were originally scattered in professional basic courses, and then concentrated in major basic courses. The number of academic warnings, trial readings, and dropouts showed an increasing trend. The number of psychological problems caused by learning problems has also increased significantly.

When the problem was discovered, Fudan University responded immediately. "After investigation, we found that these students have problems in learning habits, learning methods, and coping with stress. They urgently need to obtain professional guidance in both learning and development. In this context, in 2015, in the early stage counselors, colleges Based on the work pattern of tutors and student organizations, the school has established the Fudan University Student Learning and Development Center. "Xu Yang said.

Today, China hosts the world's largest higher education system. The huge number and diverse backgrounds of college students make it difficult for university academic counseling.

"So many students entering colleges means that the diversity of student groups means that we as educators must be aware of the potential of diversity." Shi Jinghuan, a professor at the Institute of Education at Tsinghua University, said: "More students are studying in the same course. There will be discomfort and difficulties, so diverse students need diverse learning guidance and learning assistance. "

Regarding the problems of academic counseling work in universities, Yu Xianting, deputy director of the Department of Ideological and Political Work of the Ministry of Education, said at the 2019 academic counseling work seminars in colleges and universities. It is in the environment of the media era that many college students are confused. Some students do not have a clear understanding of the issues of 'who to learn, why to learn, and what to learn.' Inadequate learning, untimely learning, etc. "

At the same time, Yu Xianting believes that the academic tutoring system in colleges and universities has not yet been fully formed, the awareness and ability of professional teachers and counselors to participate in academic tutoring still need to be improved, and theoretical and practical innovations in academic tutoring are still lacking.

Academic Counseling Needs Professional Support

Academic tutoring is more than just tutoring work.

According to the definition given by NACADA, the world's most authoritative academic consulting professional association in the world, in its academic guidance manual "What is Academic Guidance", academic guidance is a developmental process that helps students recognize them Life and career goals, and help teachers achieve them through teachers. It is also a decision-making process. Students learn information from their mentors and realize the greatest potential that their education can bring.

Nowadays, when universities enter the era of strict words, the country has started to promote academic counseling in universities from a macro perspective.

In October this year, the Ministry of Education issued the "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Undergraduate Education and Teaching and Improving Talents (Cultivation Quality)", which clearly established the need to establish and improve the undergraduate academic tutor system. Nowadays, many colleges and universities have set up specialized academic counseling institutions, equipped with full-time and part-time consultants, which have strongly supported the quality improvement of talent training.

A survey by Tsinghua University on the academic guidance of the "985 Project" colleges shows that as of 2019, 26 of the 39 "985 Project" colleges and universities in the country have established school-level academic guidance institutions, accounting for 67%. Compared with 2017, 10 new sites were added in just two years.

According to Xu Yang, according to the characteristics of different stages of undergraduate students, Fudan University focuses on adapting academic guidance in the first grade, focusing on upgrading in the second and third grades, and expanding in the fourth grade. After more than 10 years of exploration and practice, the center Early detection and early intervention for students with academic difficulties, early attention and early training for students with outstanding learning.

At Tsinghua University, the Student Learning and Development Guidance Center divides the common learning and development puzzles of different types of students into three major categories: learning and research, ability improvement and life planning. Through one-to-one consultation, lecture workshops, specific Course answer questions, etc., to provide students with a "face-to-face" guidance.

At present, the academic guidance work of many universities is moving from the incubation period to the professional stage. However, how to make academic guidance work in practice requires more efforts from universities. It is understood that many colleges ’academic guidance institutions are still“ virtual ”, and it is more normal for institutions to have part-time teachers from other departments. The academic guidance institutions of domestic universities are basically linked to a certain university-level institution, and the competent institutions include the academic department, the teaching affairs office, the Youth League Committee, etc. This has also led to "there is no professional force".

Zhan Yisi, deputy director of the Student Learning and Development Guidance Center of Tsinghua University, said: "Now the learning characteristics of students are changing rapidly, academic guidance actually needs the support of pedagogy, psychology, learning science and other disciplines. In this way, we can scientifically grasp the actual behavior habits of students And learning patterns. "

"To do this job, professional support is indispensable." Zhan Yisi said.

(As requested by the interviewees, the students in the text and middle school are all pseudonyms)

China Youth Daily · China Youth Network reporter Ye Yuting Source: China Youth Daily

责编:王宏泽 ] [ Editor-in-chief: Wang Hongze ]